Friday, May 22, 2020
Today there are five to ten thousand comatose patients in long term care facilities (Wheeler A1). There are countless elderly people in care facilities that have repeatedly expressed a desire to die. There are countless terminally ill patients that have also begged for death. Should these people be allowed to die, or should they be forced to keep on living? This question has plagued ethicists and physicians throughout the years. In the Netherlands, courts have begun to permit the administration of lethal injections to terminally ill patients (Jacoby 101). To many people, this is a barbaric practice. To others, it is the only humane thing to do. When a person is dying of a terminal illness with no hope of recovery, that personÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One of the controversies over the right to die is: who should choose? If the patient is comatose or is unable to make rational judgements, should the doctor or a family member be permitted to make the final decision? If family members were allowed to make the decision Right to Life advocates claim, a family member could get away with the murder of a relative just because that person cant make up their own mind. Right to Death advocates have a simple answer to this problem. Every person should have a Living Will which simply states that that person wishes death if they are fatally injured or become terminally ill. A Living Will would permit people to make th eir own decisions about life and death with no possibility of being misunderstood. Today, Holland has legal euthanasia where an estimate for the figures for deaths from active euthanasia would be in the range of six to eighteen thousand deaths (Moody 712). This number may seem horrible to some, but to others, it simply means another six to eighteen thousand people who are no longer suffering. I do not know why the Advocates for the Right to Life insist on keeping people who are suffering alive, but I do know that they have no right to dictate to a person whether or not they have the right to die. I can understand the concern of these people that euthanasia might be used for unethical killings, such as theShow MoreRelatedEuthanasia Essay1508 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEuthanasia: The Liberty to Die With Dignity The Pro-Life Alliance defines Euthanasia as: Ã¢â¬Å"Any action or omission intended to end the life of a patient on the grounds that his or her life is not worth living.Ã¢â¬ (ProCon.org). So the question stands, should an individual who is terminally ill, is in unbearable pain, can no longer function independently, who feels their life is so intolerable that it is no longer worth living, and who is of sound mind, be permitted the right to end their own life? CanadaRead MoreEuthanasia Is Not An Acceptable Form Of Euthanasia1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof patients by physicians, whether called Ã¢â¬Å"active euthanasiaÃ¢â¬ or simply Ã¢â¬Å"euthanasia,Ã¢â¬ is a topic of long-standing controversyÃ¢â¬ (Mappes, Zembaty, and DeGrazia 59). Ã¢â¬Å"Although active euthanasia is presently illegal in all fifty states and the District of Columbia, proposals for its legalization have been recurrently advanced. Most commonly, these proposals call for the legalization of active euthanasia. There are some who consider active euthanasia in any form intrinsically immoral and, for this reasonRead MoreEuthanasia . Your Elderly Grandmother Had Recently Contracted1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEuthanasia Your elderly grandmother had recently contracted a ruthless disease which rendered her terminally ill. She has now only have a few weeks left of life but she is considering the option of euthanasia as an ultimatum for the near future. She wishes to die with dignity but most of her family members donÃ¢â¬â¢t support her. Would you? Voluntary euthanasia has to be legalised because not only do humans have the right to live, they also have the right to die. There are numerous arguments as toRead MoreSiya Kumar. Dying With Dignity. . Imagine Yourself With1360 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshas been confirmed that you will die in a few months, and there is nothing that can be done to change that. You have two options- you can wait to die a natural but terrifyingly painful death where you lose your eyesight, burn the hair off your scalp and become paralyzed without the ability to walk, or you can die peacefully in the company of your friends and family. Which would you choose? Ã¢â¬Å"I am not suicidal. I do not want to die. But I am dying. And I want to die on my own terms.Ã¢â¬ These were theRead MoreShould Euthanasia or Assisted Suicide Be Legalized in Canada?1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEuthanasia, formally known as mercy killing, is the act of intentionally causing the painless death of a sick person, rather than allowin g that person to die naturally. In terms of a physicians actions, it can be passive in that a physician plays no direct role in the death of the person or it can be active in that the physician does something directly to cause the death (Yount, 2002). Euthanasia may also be formed into three types of act, which are voluntary, involuntary, and nonvoluntary. VoluntaryRead MoreThe Conflicting Ethics With The Right1540 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Conflicting Ethics with the right to die Adam Kaplinsky Wilmington University What do you do if you have a patient that is in deep pain and has been given a terminal prognosis? You look into the face of this patient and see someone who is weak and unable to take care of him or herself grimacing in pain. The patient knows the prognosis, which is not good, and he or she realizes at this point that their condition will only worsen. The next step is death, but that could take a while, and in theRead MoreShould Euthanasia Be Legal? Essay1449 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Euthanasia: The Right to Die Euthanasia is a concept that has been around for a very long time. It has been practiced since ancient Greece. We all have different opinions towards it; some of us might be for it and others against it. In most parts of the world Euthanasia is illegal. Many countries have denied the right to euthanasia, but is that fair and ethical? It is the painless killing of a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s agony from an incurable and painful disease. Euthanasia should be legalRead MoreEuthanasia Should Be Legalized For Terminally Ill People1064 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe word euthanasia has a Greek meaning Ã¢â¬Å"the good death. On the other hand, in the society today, there are deeper and more meanings to euthanasia than before. Voluntary euthanasia concerns itself with the consent of the person to die through the assistance of others. Voluntary euthanasia can be divided into two areas: passive voluntary witch is holding back medical treatment with the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s request, active voluntary killing the patient at that patient s request informing the assistant on howRead MoreEuthanasia Should Be Legalized Out Of Compassion For Those Slowly And Painfully Dying1616 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesagony, both physical and mental, be forced to continue living? Euthanasia is a term derived from the Greek, Ã¢â¬Å"eu,Ã¢â¬ meaning good, and, Ã¢â¬Å"thanos,Ã¢â¬ meaning death. It is the act of mercifully putting to death painlessly. Euthanasia should be legalized out of compassion for those slowly and painfully dying. The following arguments show the benefits of Euthanasia. It will end the suffering of patients, it will give the patient the right to die, it will legally regulate euthanasiaÃ¢â¬â¢s use, it will lower healthRead MoreThe Controversial Issue Of Euthanasia1150 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEuthanasia should not be legalised in Australia. Good morning 10C and Ms Leoni, Today I am here to talk about the controversial issue of euthanasia. This year, the Greens party has planned to introduce a Ã¢â¬ËRights of the Terminally IllÃ¢â¬â¢ bill into state parliament. This has raised the issue of whether or not euthanasia should be legalised in Australia. Euthanasia is the practice of ending a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life in order to release them from an incurable disease or intolerable suffering. There are two types
Sunday, May 10, 2020
Unanswered Problems With Essay on Elderly Revealed The Birth of Essay on Elderly Assisting patients to satisfy their hygiene needs is a vital part of nursing care (Baillie 2005). The matching of risks that's usually undertaken in respect to the aged population and the many benefits related to drug therapies again develop into a very demanding issue for the wellness prescribers. The vulnerability of the elderly is one of the chief reasons why they appear to get neglected and abused, particularly in the privacy of their nursing homes. Summary Lack of education and job opportunities is also a significant cause for those who are homeless. If you're a concerned relative or friend, it's important to monitor your loved one for signals of abuse. Betrayal hurts and there's no fast and effortless approach to heal from its affects. Criminal Activity An issue that appears to go together with homelessness is criminal activity. There are several sorts of elder abuse which cause a negative effect on the human being. Also, note down the vital points which you think will assist you in writing an essay. Naturally, there are a few descriptive terms and phrases that might be insulting. You know they say if you wish to acquire new understanding of the specific question you should write a paper. Your language of essay has to be easy and understandable. Bulk of elderly folks are carried to the nursing homes where they're left without enough care or given last priority in regard to health care requirements and the diet plan. They are a vulnerable population for many reasons. They are precious. They love to share. Many people believe that it would be too much work to select the time to go to a nursing home, or they fear that it's going to be boring or depressing. Normally, old folks need assistance and someone should interest them. Nowadays, they need a home because they can not live alone. For numerous reasons, a lot of people decide to place their parents in a retirement house. The Unexpected Truth About Essay on Elderly The body of the essay contains all of the work done on that specific subject. Generally, it requires a research on the topic and different thoughts. This essay will attempt to understand about the exact same feeling for the elderly. Do an excellent essay map to begin thinking about ambition. Studies have found that 60 percent of elderly folks are abused throughout the world. In the majority of states, unexplained deaths must have an autopsy performed. The very first phase of the census mainly involves creating awareness of the census and educating the individuals of the nation for what census is about and its importance. There are three major phases of population census. If you've ever been betrayed, you can't change what has happened to you or create the pain go away. Literature can likewise be obtained from clinicians that are also known to comprehend the vulnerability of the elderly population. Because of large volumes and comprehensive assessment, essay correction often requires a week. How to compose a very good graduate admissions essay pmr. Top Essay on Elderly Secrets Race seems to be branded by some stereotypes, which might be polite or inappropriate thinking about the individual race. You should respect an elderly requirements and wants, since they don't have a lot of time left to live. The biological sense of unique races may seem to be the exact same. Thus, the biological sense behind different races might not be applicable.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
I havenÃ¢â¬â¢t laughed this hard at a movie in a long time. When I saw this movie in theater for the first time I came out with my face hurting I was laughing so much. Everything about this movie just clicked. We will write a custom essay sample on Hangover Movie Review or any similar topic only for you Order Now Perfect cast with great chemistry, great direction, great music, and most importantly a fun script with hilarious dialogue and characters. The movie starts where its two days before DougÃ¢â¬â¢s wedding, himself and his three friends drive to Las Vegas for a crazy bachelor party theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll never forget. But, in fact, when the three groomsmen wake up the next morning, they canÃ¢â¬â¢t remember a thing. For some reason, they find a tiger in the bathroom, and a six-month-old baby in the closet of their suite at Caesars Palace. The one thing they canÃ¢â¬â¢t find is Doug, the groom. With no clue as to what happened that night and little time to spare, the three of them must retrace their steps and all their bad decisions in order to figure out where things went wrong and hopefully get Doug back to L. A. in time to walk down the aisle. The four main actors in this movie are; Bradley Cooper as Phil Wenneck, the groomÃ¢â¬â¢s best friend, a school teacher who is bored with married life. Ed Helms as Dr. Stuart Ã¢â¬Å"StuÃ¢â¬ Price, a dentist stuck in a bad relationship, friend of the groom. Zach Galifianakis as Alan Garner, the socially awkward, soon to be brother-in-law of the groom, and Justin Bartha as Doug Billings, the soon-to-be groom. I personally think that they all did a great job acting out their characters personality and made everything work quite smooth. The movie followed a regular predictable story line, it was very easy for me to predict what was going to happen next. It was very easy to watch the lighting was perfect, and the director, Todd Phillips did a great job with all the shots. The movies music was composed by Christopher Beck. The movie had a few featured artists in this film, such as Kanye West, The Donnas, Usher, T. I. , Mickey Avalon and The Dan Band. For the closing credits the song Ã¢â¬Å"Right RoundÃ¢â¬ by Flo Rida was played. The Hangover might not appeal to those seeking a more disciplined, focused comedy, but the film represents the best of what comedy can provide Ã¢â¬â pure, unadulterated, slaphappy entertainment. And thereÃ¢â¬â¢s nothing wrong with that. How to cite Hangover Movie Review, Essay examples
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
Nathaniel Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown Paper Nathaniel Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown is an absolutely great story. The story tells about one boys distinctive horrific trip through the forest in which he cant decide if it was just a story and it was false or if this journey into the forest actually happened. Young Goodman Browns evil experience about traveling into the woods seems to be some type of a visual symbolic meaning expressed through a dream. When Hawthorne says in the first paragraph of the story when the wife says, prithee put off your journey until sunrise and sleeping your own bed tonight. (Hawthorne, p. 294) would make it seem like he didnt leave for his actual journey into the forest and that it actually might have been a dream inspired by the devil but later on in his next few sentences when Goodman says What a wretch am I to leave her on such an errandafter this one night Ill cling to her skirts and follow her to heaven (Hawthorne, p. 294). Goodman left his wife that night on his journey, so he did leave but he could have fallen asleep in the forest on a break. We will write a custom essay sample on Nathaniel Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Nathaniel Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Nathaniel Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Goodmans journey wasnt a dream vision telling him the truth about human nature. But a vision different from what hes used to seeing, the vision is simply him realizing that everybody isnt a good person. Being in the jungle and by it being dark, creepy, wild and full of different creatures it gives Goodman a different look at the world and what might be lurking deep in the forest. He simply feels that his choice between staying at home and going on his journey may have been a choice between good and evil. Goodmans journey is a symbolic acting out of his own paranoid fears and suspicions about others. The journey through the forest was his faith being tested between the godly and the ungodly and where will we go when we die which surfaces when the dark figure says, welcome my children, to the communion of your race, (Hawthorne, p. 300). The first sense of paranoia from Goodman is when he says to himself, There may be a devilish Indian behind every tree, as he looked behind himself fearfully saying what if the devil himself should be at my very elbow. this indicates that he was some what paranoid. Goodman was already shaken up and some what paranoid having evil thoughts, he could have just went into the woods and had taken a nap on the journey and his paranoia stimulated a bad dream about previous thoughts stemmed from previous thoughts. Goodmans thoughts about people going to hell for cheating on their spouse insinuates that he holds some form of regret about something in his relationship that he thinks he will be held accountable for that may send him to hell when he dies. When the family knelt down at prayer he scowled and muttered to himself, and gazed sternly at his wife and turned away. (Hawthorne, p. 302) relates to some form of regret or guilty conscience of not being able to look someone in the eyes or even in the face when they know they had done wrong. Hawthornes vision of evil in this story is his own vision everyones view on evil is not the same his view was a hidden type of evil that has not surfaced all the way. Goodman was basically terrified of the though of being in the forest alone on a journey from dusk to dawn had frightened him. Anything couldve happened to him Goodman could have died and his fear got the best of him.
Friday, March 20, 2020
Cisco Systems, Inc. GENERAL INFORMATION In the late 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s two Stanford university sweethearts created the first router out of frustration. Sandra Lerner of the Business Department, and Leonard Bosack, of the Computer Science Department wanted to send love letter to each other via the University computer system e-mail. Unfortunately their respective departments used different computer networks, so they created the first router, a way to connect the two local area networks. This initial creation of Cisco was formed as an emergent strategy, which is an unplanned response to unforeseen circumstances. In 1984, Leonard and Sandy started the company on a tight budget by financing it on the credit cards, and mortgaging their home. In February 1990, after approaching nearly eighty venture capitalists, Cisco went public. Soon after, seven of the upper management vice presidents went to John Morgridge, the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s new president and CEO, and gave an ultimatum: either Lerner left or they would leave. So on August 28th, Sandra Lerner was asked to leave the company. Right afterwards Bosack quit. In 1994, Cisco introduced the Ã¢â¬Å"Cisco Connection onlineÃ¢â¬ which customers could find out anything regarding their products, from the status of an order to customer support. Today, Cisco Systems, inc. is the worldwide leader in networking for the Internet. CiscoÃ¢â¬â¢s Internet protocol based networking solutions are the foundation of the Internet and most corporate, education, and government networks around the world. Virtually all message or transactions sent over the Internet are carried quickly and securely through Cisco equipment. Cisco Systems develops, markets, and support high performance multi-protocol internetworking systems, which link geographically, dispersed LANs and WANs. It produces Internet software and network management software which enables various network services to include connectivity, security, and inte... Free Essays on SWOT Cisco Systems Inc Free Essays on SWOT Cisco Systems Inc Cisco Systems, Inc. GENERAL INFORMATION In the late 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s two Stanford university sweethearts created the first router out of frustration. Sandra Lerner of the Business Department, and Leonard Bosack, of the Computer Science Department wanted to send love letter to each other via the University computer system e-mail. Unfortunately their respective departments used different computer networks, so they created the first router, a way to connect the two local area networks. This initial creation of Cisco was formed as an emergent strategy, which is an unplanned response to unforeseen circumstances. In 1984, Leonard and Sandy started the company on a tight budget by financing it on the credit cards, and mortgaging their home. In February 1990, after approaching nearly eighty venture capitalists, Cisco went public. Soon after, seven of the upper management vice presidents went to John Morgridge, the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s new president and CEO, and gave an ultimatum: either Lerner left or they would leave. So on August 28th, Sandra Lerner was asked to leave the company. Right afterwards Bosack quit. In 1994, Cisco introduced the Ã¢â¬Å"Cisco Connection onlineÃ¢â¬ which customers could find out anything regarding their products, from the status of an order to customer support. Today, Cisco Systems, inc. is the worldwide leader in networking for the Internet. CiscoÃ¢â¬â¢s Internet protocol based networking solutions are the foundation of the Internet and most corporate, education, and government networks around the world. Virtually all message or transactions sent over the Internet are carried quickly and securely through Cisco equipment. Cisco Systems develops, markets, and support high performance multi-protocol internetworking systems, which link geographically, dispersed LANs and WANs. It produces Internet software and network management software which enables various network services to include connectivity, security, and inte...
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
War of 1812 - Fighting in 1813 1812: Surprises at Sea Ineptitude on Land | War of 1812: 101 | 1814: Advances in the North A Capital Burned Assessing the Situation In the wake of the failed campaigns of 1812, newly re-elected President James Madison was forced to reassess the strategic situation along the Canadian border. In the Northwest, Major General William Henry Harrison had replaced the disgraced Brigadier General William Hull and was tasked with re-taking Detroit. Diligently training his men, Harrison was checked at the River Raisin and unable to advance without American control of Lake Erie. Elsewhere, New England remained reluctant to play an active role in supporting the war effort making a campaign against Quebec an unlikely prospect. As a result, it was decided to focus American efforts for 1813 on achieving victory on Lake Ontario and the Niagara frontier. Success on this front also required control of the lake. To this end, Captain Isaac Chauncey had been dispatched to Sackets Harbor, NY in 1812 for the purpose of constructing a fleet on Lake Ontario. It was believed that victory in and around Lake Ontario would cut off Upper Cana da and open the way for an attack on Montreal. The Tide Turns at Sea Having achieved stunning success over the Royal Navy in a series of ship-to-ship actions in 1812, the small US Navy sought to continue its run of good form by attacking British merchant ships and remaining on the offensive. To this end, the frigate USS Essex (46 guns) under Captain David Porter, patrolled the South Atlantic scooping up prizes in late 1812, before rounding Cape Horn in January 1813. Seeking to strike the British whaling fleet in the Pacific, Porter arrived at Valparaiso, Chile in March. For the remainder of the year, Porter cruised with great success and inflicted heavy losses on British shipping. Returning to Valparaiso in January 1814, he was blockaded by the British frigate HMS Phoebe (36) and sloop of war HMS Cherub (18). Fearing that additional British ships were en route, Porter attempted to break out on March 28. As Essex exited the harbor, it lost its main topmast in a freak squall. With his ship damaged, Porter was unable to return to port and soon brought to action by the British. Standing off Essex, which was largely armed with short-range carronades, the British pounded Porters ship with their long guns for over two hours ultimately forcing him to surrender. Among those captured on board was young Midshipman David G. Farragut who would later lead the Union Navy during the Civil War. While Porter was enjoying success in the Pacific, the British blockade began to tighten along the American coast keeping many of the US Navys heavy frigates in port. While the effectiveness of the US Navy was hampered, hundreds of American privateers preyed upon British shipping. During the course of the war, they captured between 1,175 and 1,554 British ships. One ship that was at sea early in 1813 was Master Commandant James Lawrences brig USS Hornet (20). On February 24, he engaged and captured the brig HMS Peacock (18) off the coast of South America. Returning home, Lawrence was promoted to captain and given command of the frigate USS Chesapeake (50) at Boston. Completing repairs to ship, Lawrence prepared to put to sea in late May. This was hastened by the fact that only one British ship, the frigate HMS Shannon (52), was blockading the harbor. Commanded by Captain Philip Broke, Shannon was a crack ship with a highly trained crew. Eager to engage the American, Broke issued a cha llenge to Lawrence to meet him in battle. This proved unnecessary as Chesapeake emerged from the harbor on June 1. Possessing a larger, but greener crew, Lawrence sought to continue the US Navys streak of victories. Opening fire, the two ships battered each other before coming together. Ordering his men to prepare to board Shannon, Lawrence was mortally wounded. Falling, his last words were reputedly, Dont give up the Ship! Fight her till she sinks. Despite this encouragement, the raw American sailors were quickly overwhelmed by Shannons crew and Chesapeake was soon captured. Taken to Halifax, it was repaired and saw service in the Royal Navy until being sold in 1820. We Have Met the Enemy... As American naval fortunes were turning at sea, a naval building race was underway on the shores of Lake Erie. In an attempt to regain naval superiority on the lake, the US Navy began construction of two 20-gun brigs at Presque Isle, PA (Erie, PA). In March 1813, the new commander of American naval forces on Lake Erie, Master Commandant Oliver H. Perry, arrived at Presque Isle. Assessing his command, he found that there was a general shortage of supplies and men. While diligently overseeing the construction of the two brigs, named USS Lawrence and USS Niagara, Perry traveled to Lake Ontario in May 1813, to secure additional seamen from Chauncey. While there, he collected several gunboats for use on Lake Erie. Departing from Black Rock, he was nearly intercepted by the new British commander on Lake Erie, Commander Robert H. Barclay. A veteran of Trafalgar, Barclay had arrived at the British base of Amherstburg, Ontario on June 10. Though both sides were hampered by supply issues they worked through the summer to complete their fleets with Perry finishing his two brigs and Barclay commissioning the 19-gun ship HMS Detroit. Having gained naval superiority, Perry was able to cut the British supply lines to Amherstburg forcing Barclay to seek battle. Departing Put-in-Bay on September 10, Perry maneuvered to engage the British squadron. Commanding from Lawrence, Perry flew a large battle flag emblazoned with his friends dying command, Dont Give Up the Ship! In the resulting Battle of Lake Erie, Perry won a stunning victory that saw bitter fighting and the American commander compelled to switch ships midway through the engagement. Capturing the entire British squadron, Perry sent a brief dispatch to Harrison announcing, We have met the enemy and they are ours. 1812: Surprises at Sea Ineptitude on Land | War of 1812: 101 | 1814: Advances in the North A Capital Burned 1812: Surprises at Sea Ineptitude on Land | War of 1812: 101 | 1814: Advances in the North A Capital Burned Victory in the Northwest As Perry was constructing his fleet through the first part of 1813, Harrison was on the defensive in western Ohio. Constructing a major base at Fort Meigs, he repelled an attack led by Major General Henry Proctor and Tecumseh in May. A second attack was turned back in July as well as one against Fort Stephenson (August 1). Building his army, Harrison was ready to go on the offensive in September following Perrys victory on the lake. Moving forward with his Army of the Northwest, Harrison sent 1,000 mounted troops overland to Detroit while the bulk of his infantry was transported there by Perrys fleet. Recognizing the danger of his situation, Proctor abandoned Detroit, Fort Malden, and Amherstburg and began retreating east (Map). Retaking Detroit, Harrison began pursuing the retreating British. With Tecumseh arguing against falling back, Proctor finally turned to make a stand along the Thames River near Moraviantown. Approaching on October 5, Harrison assaulted Proctors position during the Battle of the Thames. In the fighting, the British position was shattered and Tecumseh killed. Overwhelmed, Proctor and a few of his men fled while the majority were captured by Harrisons army. One of the few clear cut American victories of the conflict, the Battle of the Thames effectively won the war in the Northwest for the United States. With Tecumseh dead, the threat of Native American attacks subsided and Harrison concluded an armistice with several tribes at Detroit. Burning a Capital In preparation for the main American push at Lake Ontario, Major General Henry Dearborn was ordered to position 3,000 men at Buffalo for a strike against Forts Erie and George as well as 4,000 men at Sackets Harbor. This second force was to attack Kingston at the upper outlet of the lake. Success on both fronts would sever the lake from Lake Erie and the St. Lawrence River. At Sackets Harbor, Chauncey had rapidly constructed a fleet that had wrested naval superiority away from his British counterpart, Captain Sir James Yeo. The two naval officers would conduct a building war for the remainder of the conflict. Though several naval engagements were fought, neither was willing to risk their fleet in a decisive action. Meeting at Sackets Harbor, Dearborn and Chauncey began to have misgivings about the Kingston operation despite the fact that the objective was only thirty miles away. While Chauncey fretted about possible ice around Kingston, Dearborn was concerned about the size of the Br itish garrison. Instead of striking at Kingston, the two commanders instead elected to conduct a raid against York, Ontario (present-day Toronto). Though of minimal strategic value, York was the capital of Upper Canada and Chauncey had intelligence that two brigs were under construction there. Departing on April 25, Chaunceys ships carried Dearborns troops across the lake to York. Under the direct control of Brigadier General Zebulon Pike, these troops landed on April 27. Opposed by forces under Major General Roger Sheaffe, Pike succeeded in taking the town after a sharp fight. As the British retreated, they detonated their powder magazine killing numerous Americans including Pike. In the wake of the fighting, American troops began looting the town and burned the Parliament Building. After occupying the town for a week, Chauncey and Dearborn withdrew. While a victory, the attack on York did little to alter the strategic outlook on the lake and behavior of the American forces would influence British actions the following year. Triumph and Defeat Along the Niagara Following the York operation, Secretary of War John Armstrong chastised Dearborn for failing to accomplish anything of strategic value and blamed him for Pikes death. In response, Dearborn and Chauncey began shifting troops south for an assault on Fort George in late May. Alerted to this fact, Yeo and the Governor General of Canada, Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost, made immediate plans to attack Sackets Harbor while American forces were occupied along the Niagara. Departing Kingston, they landed outside of the town on May 29 and moved to destroy the shipyard and Fort Tompkins. These operations were quickly disrupted by a mixed regular and militia force led by Brigadier General Jacob Brown of the New York militia. Surrounding the British beachhead, his men poured heavy fire into Prevosts troops and compelled them to withdraw. For his part in the defense, Brown was offered a brigadier generals commission in the regular army. At the other end of the lake, Dearborn and Chauncey moved forward with their attack on Fort George. Again delegating operational command, this time to Colonel Winfield Scott, Dearborn watched as American troops conducted an early morning amphibious assault on May 27. This was supported by a force of dragoons crossing the Niagara River upstream at Queenston which was tasked with cutting off the British line of retreat to Fort Erie. Clashing with Brigadier General John Vincents troops outside of the fort, the Americans succeeded in driving off the British with the aid of naval gunfire support from Chaunceys ships. Forced to surrender the fort and with the route south blocked, Vincent abandoned his posts on the Canadian side of the river and retreated west. As a result, American troops crossed the river and occupied Fort Erie (Map). 1812: Surprises at Sea Ineptitude on Land | War of 1812: 101 | 1814: Advances in the North A Capital Burned 1812: Surprises at Sea Ineptitude on Land | War of 1812: 101 | 1814: Advances in the North A Capital Burned Having lost the dynamic Scott to a broken collarbone, Dearborn ordered Brigadier Generals William Winder and John Chandler west to pursue Vincent. Political appointees, neither possessed significant military experience. On June 5/6, Vincent counterattacked at the Battle of Stoney Creek and succeeded in capturing both generals. On the lake, Chaunceys fleet had departed for Sackets Harbor only to be replaced by Yeos. Threatened from the lake, Dearborn lost his nerve and ordered a withdrawal to a perimeter around Fort George. The situation worsened on June 24, when an American force under Lieutenant Colonel Charles Boerstler was crushed at the Battle of Beaver Dams. For his weak performance, Dearborn was recalled on July 6 and replaced with Major General James Wilkinson. Failure on the St. Lawrence Generally disliked by most officers in US Army for his prewar intrigues in Louisiana, Wilkinson was instructed by Armstrong to strike at Kingston before moving down the St. Lawrence. In doing so he was to link up with forces advancing north from Lake Champlain under Major General Wade Hampton. This combined force would in turn attack Montreal. After stripping the Niagara frontier of most of its troops, Wilkinson prepared to move out. Finding that Yeo had concentrated his fleet at Kingston, he decided to make only a feint in that direction before advancing down the river. To the east, Hampton began moving north toward the border. His advance was hampered by the recent loss of naval superiority on Lake Champlain. This forced him to swing west to the headwaters of the Chateauguay River. Moving downstream, he crossed the border with around 4,200 men after the New York militia refused to leave the country. Opposing Hampton was Lieutenant Colonel Charles de Salaberry who possessed a mixed force of around 1,500 men. Occupying a strong position approximately fifteen miles below the St. Lawrence, de Salaberrys men fortified their line and waited for the Americans. Arriving on October 25, Hampton surveyed the British position and attempted to flank it. In a minor engagement known as the Battle of the Chateauguay, these efforts were repulsed. Believing the British force to be larger than it was, Hampton broke off the action and returned south. Moving forward, Wilkinsons 8,000-men force left Sackets Harbor on October 17. In poor health and taking heavy doses of laudanum, Wilkinson pushed downstream with Brown leading his vanguard. His force was pursued by an 800-man British force led by Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Morrison. Tasked with delaying Wilkinson so additional troops could reach Montreal, Morrison proved an effective annoyance to the Americans. Tired of Morrison, Wilkinson dispatched 2,000 men under Brigadier General John Boyd to attack the British. Striking on November 11, they assaulted the British lines at the Battle of Cryslers Farm. Repulsed, Boyds men were soon counterattacked and driven from the field. Despite this defeat, Wilkinson pressed on toward Montreal. Reaching the mouth of the Salmon River and having learned that Hampton had retreated, Wilkinson abandoned the campaign, re-crossed the river, and went into winter quarters at French Mills, NY. The winter saw Wilkinson and Hampton exchange letters with Arm strong over who was to blame for the campaigns failure. A Dismal End As the American thrust towards Montreal was coming to an end, the situation on the Niagara frontier reached a crisis. Stripped of troops for Wilkinsons expedition, Brigadier General George McClure decided to abandon Fort George in early December after learning that Lieutenant General George Drummond was approaching with British troops. Retiring across the river to Fort Niagara, his men burned the village of Newark, ON before departing. Moving into Fort George, Drummond began preparations to assault Fort Niagara. This moved forward on December 19 when his forces overwhelmed the forts small garrison. Outraged over the burning of Newark, British troops moved south and razed Black Rock and Buffalo on December 30. While 1813 had started with great hope and promise for the Americans, the campaigns on the Niagara and St. Lawrence frontiers met with failure similar to those of the year before. As in 1812, the smaller British forces had proved adept campaigners and the Canadians showed a willingness to fight to protect their homes rather than throw off the yoke of British rule. Only in the Northwest and Lake Erie did American forces achieve an undisputed victory. While the triumphs of Perry and Harrison helped bolster national morale, they occurred in arguably the least important theater of the war as victory on Lake Ontario or the St. Lawrence would have caused British forces around Lake Erie to whither on the vine. Forced to endure another long winter, the American public was subjected to a tightening blockade and the threat of increased British strength in the spring as the Napoleonic Wars neared an end. 1812: Surprises at Sea Ineptitude on Land | War of 1812: 101 | 1814: Advances in the North A Capital Burned
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Public health - Assignment Example In both developed and developing countries, non-governmental organizations and local health systems have done their best in playing an essential role of preventing diseases infecting individuals. In developing countries, there is a low level of preventing diseases and medical care since there is no adequate and effective training of health workers. There are also no enough and appropriate resources which can help in providing quality health services. This is because there extremely high poverty levels hence no good health services provision (Hall, 1998). Therefore, this has led to many deaths in many developing countries due to inappropriate health measures. In dealing with residential age care, many developing countries in relation to health matters, have not taken into consideration and effectively act upon that issue. In most continents, especially in developed countries, different theoretical approaches have been developed to effectively deal with the issue of health policy agenda setting. For example, two models namely politics and social have been developed in tackling the issue of health oppression. In many countries in different continents, governments use their agencies in tackling the issue of public health. They normally use ministries of health in drawing effective strategies in dealing with health problems among individuals in their respective countries. In dealing with global health issue, a universal international agency has been established in order to deal with health issues. The World Health Organization coordinates and acts upon health issues internationally. This agency has largely helped many countries, especially t he developing ones, in encountering and dealing with health issues in their countries. In public policy agenda setting, an effective field of inquiry has been well-developed and established. A little organized and systematic